“There is nothing worse than doing the wrong things right” - Peter Drucker.
In recent times when Eric Ries met with senior executives at Toyota, famed for their lean production system, they echoed Drucker’s words and said “we’ve got a system for efficiently producing widgets but we don’t have a system for deciding what to produce in the first place”.
Yes, whatever decision you are making in life it’s important to determine whether you are focusing on the right decision in the first place.
Solving with the Wrong Problem
Hacking for Defense is a partnership between Stanford University and the US Department of Defense and according to the website, is a ‘is a battle-tested problem-solving methodology that runs at Silicon Valley speed’.
Eight student teams were given eight problem statements to work with. The teams spoke to over 800 beneficiaries, requirements writers, program managers, warfighters, legal, security and customers. Seven out of the eight teams realized that the problem as given by the sponsor really wasn’t the problem at all.
Their sponsors agreed.This is an all too common occurrence we see in our work with corporates and it’s also a big part of the reason why more than 80% of new ideas fail at large companies and 95% of startups fail, period.
But on a personal decision making level, how might you gain some assurance that you’re tackling the right problem?
The Five Whys
The five whys is a simple yet effective aid to help you get to the root cause of a decision.
Why is asking why five times so powerful?
Here’s an example of how asking five whys can uncover the real problem, and therefore, force you to make an entirely different decisions to solve it.
Problem Statement: You are on your way home from work and your car stops in the middle of the road.1. Why did your car stop?– Because it ran out of gas.2. Why did it run out of gas?– Because I didn’t buy any gas on my way to work.3. Why didn’t you buy any gas this morning?– Because I didn’t have any money.4. Why didn’t you have any money?– Because I lost it all last night in a poker game.5. Why did you lose your money in last night’s poker game?– Because I’m not very good at poker.
The solution here is not so much one of simply taking the time to pour gas on the way to work. Rather it’s a matter of either getting good at poker or quitting gambling. There’s probably some deeper seated behavioural issues here, potentially around peer pressure, chasing losses and so on that said person stranded on the highway needs to focus their attention on rather than the band aid, quick fix solution of a jerry can of gas.
Similarly, in a professional context, what often starts out as a technical issue (eg. not enough bandwidth to support requests) quickly becomes a communication issue after asking why a few times and determining that ‘the new guy’ wasn’t privy to the increased demand projected in light of a new marketing campaign and therefore didn’t prepare for the influx of traffic..
We only have one life, and it’s a relatively short one, so to spend it in pursuit of solving the wrong problems or surface level issues that don’t serve to move the needle much on personal or professional growth is nothing short of tragic.
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